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Thailand - LABOUR MARKET


Labour market indicators


Unemployment rate in 2001 : 2.6% (ILO data)


Working population:

Year Total Population Working population Activity rate
2004
62 387 448  
37 190 404  
60%  
Source: World Bank


Employment by sector:

Year
Agriculture
Industry
Services
2003  
44.9%  
19.7%  
35.3%  
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data


Employment contracts


Employment contracts are regulated by Law. Individual negotiations and collective agreements complement it.


Salaries


National monthly minimum wage as of 01/01/03 : beetween $3.09 and $3.91 (133 baht to 168 baht) by day

Average wage for a employee in the manufacturing industry in 1999 : 5,907 bahts by  month (ILO data)


Social security contributions


Employer: 2 %.

Employee: 2 %.



Number of hours



Legal definition of full time work (per week): 48 hours


Retirement age:


There is no legal age of retirement except for civil servants who can retire at 60.


Unions


Average rate of union membership: 2 %.

Unions: N/A.


Useful links


For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws

- Department of employment


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Last modified in January 2006
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