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Russia - ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Economic forecasts - General economic indicators - Investments - Foreign Trade


Economic forecasts


 
Indicators
2005
2006
GDP (USD billion)
772.097  
921.412  
Real GDP growth (constant prices)
5.5 % 
5.2 %
GDP per capita (USD)
5458.760  
6554.497  
Inflation rate
12.8 % 
10.7 % 
Source : IMF - 2005 data


General economic indicators

Indicators 2002 2003 2004
GDP (USD billion) 345.1   430.1   582.4  
Real GDP growth (constant prices) 4.7 % 7.3 % 7.2 %
GDP per capita (USD) 1983   2138   2302  
Inflation rate 15.8 % 13.7 % 10.9 %
Unemployment rate 8.6%   7.6%   8.3%  
External debt (USD billion) 147   175   ..  
Russia Ruble rate on 12/31 (1 US$)   31.94   29.26   27.73  
Sources : IMF - 2005 data, World bank, Oanda


GDP per activity sector 2002 2003 2004
Agriculture and fishing 5.8%   5.2%   ..  
Industry and mining 33.8%   34.2%     ..  
Services 60.5%   60.7%     ..  
Sources : World bank


Investments


FDI inflows (USD million) 2002 2003 2004 World rank
Foreign Direct Investments (F.D.I.) 3461   7958   11672   14 / 197
Source : UNCTAD "World Investment Report 2005 "


Foreign Trade


General indicators


Indicators (USD billion) 2002 2003 2004
Imports of goods (f.o.b.) 61.0   76.1   96.3  
Export of goods (f.o.b) 107.3   135.9   183.5  
Trade balance 46.3   59.9   87.1  
Balance of payments 29.1   35.4   60.1  
Sources : World bank, IMF


Indicators 2002 2003 2004
Share of foreign trade in GDP 58.8%   52.6%   44.4%  
Share of imports in GDP 24.0%   20.8%   18.8%  
Share of exports in GDP 34.8%   31.7%   25.6%  
Imports of goods and services (percent change) 14.5%   2.7%   6.6%  
Exports of goods and services (percent change) 9.9%   3.7%   3.3%  
Sources : World bank, IMF


Trade in goods/services by major category


2003 Imports Exports
Total Trade in Goods (USD billion):     76.1     135.9    
Agricultural raw materials 1%   3%  
Food products 19%   2%  
Hydrocarbons 2%   53%  
Manufactured products (chemicals, machines,...) 66%   21%  
Ores and metals 2%   7%  
Other goods 10%   14%  


2003 Imports Exports
Total Trade in Services (USD billion): 27   16  
Transport 12%   38%  
Tourisme 49%   28%  
Other services (insurance, financial services, telecommunications,...) 39%   34%  
Source : World Bank


Trade Data, by HS Code :
Source : www.intracen.org, last available data


Trade by partner countries



Main clients
(% of exports)
2004
Special Categories   18%  
Netherlands   8.2%  
Belarus   5.7%  
Ukraine   5%  
Italy   4.9%  

Main suppliers
(% of imports)
2004
Germany   14.1%  
Ukraine   8.1%  
Belarus   7.9%  
China   6.3%  
Japan   5.2%  
Source : COMTRADE


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Last modified in October 2005
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